CBI Full Form


The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is India’s premier investigating agency. It was established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment (SPE) to investigate cases of corruption and bribery. In 1963, it was renamed as the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and given a wider mandate to investigate cases of economic offences, serious crimes, and special cases.

The CBI operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions of the Government of India. The Director of the CBI is appointed by the Government of India and is responsible for the overall functioning of the agency.

The CBI is empowered to investigate cases that fall under the Indian Penal Code, Prevention of Corruption Act, and other specialized laws. It has the authority to investigate cases related to economic offences such as cheating, fraud, and embezzlement, as well as cases related to national security, terrorism, and organized crime.

The CBI also provides assistance to other law enforcement agencies and is authorized to conduct investigations outside India with the approval of the government.

The CBI has a team of highly trained and experienced investigators who are supported by forensic experts, legal professionals, and other specialists. The agency has a reputation for being thorough and impartial in its investigations and is often called upon to investigate high-profile cases.

One of the most significant cases investigated by the CBI was the Bofors scandal in the late 1980s. The case involved allegations of kickbacks paid to Indian officials by a Swedish arms company in exchange for the sale of howitzer guns to the Indian Army. The CBI investigated the case for over a decade and eventually filed charges against several high-ranking government officials, including the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The case remains one of the most high-profile cases investigated by the CBI.

However, the CBI has also faced criticism over the years, particularly regarding its handling of politically sensitive cases. There have been allegations of interference by the government in the CBI’s investigations and concerns raised over the agency’s independence.

In recent years, the CBI has been involved in several high-profile cases, including the investigation into the death of Bollywood actor Sushant Singh Rajput and the Punjab National Bank fraud case involving billionaire Nirav Modi. The agency has also been involved in the investigation into the Vyapam scam in Madhya Pradesh, which involved the rigging of entrance examinations for medical and engineering colleges.

 the CBI is a vital institution in India’s criminal justice system. It has played a significant role in investigating cases of corruption, economic offences, and other serious crimes. However, there is a need to ensure that the agency operates with complete independence and impartiality to maintain public trust and confidence in its functioning.

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